The Jaigarh Fort is a regal monopoly built by Sawan Jai Singh II in Jaipur. It is a palatial structure perched on the ‘Cheel ka teela’ hills that is effectively connected to the Amer Fort with a subterranean passage. Historians believed that the Jaigarh Fort was built to protect the Amer Fort and the palace within the complex. The Fort looks architecturally similar to the Amer Fort with a bird’s eye view of the city of Jaipur. Tourists flood here for the world’s largest cannon on wheels, the majestic palace complex, the assembly hall of the warriors known as ‘Shubhat Niwas’, the museum and the armory. The fort also had a huge amount of treasure buried within. However, when it was discovered in the 1970s, the treasure was seized by the government of Rajasthan. On the essence, the Jaigarh Fort was built to secure the Jaipur City and Amer fort from warlords and other rivals in the past.
The Jaigarh Fort built in the city of Amer is an opulent structure built in the early 18th century by a talented architect called Vidhyadhar. Turning the pages of history it is found that that Amer was ruled by the Kachawahas from the early 10th century.
It was during the Mughal dynasty, the Jaigarh Fort was made the main cannon foundry of the empire. It was also used at the storehouse of ammunition and other metal required for war.
When a series of successive war broke out in the Mughal dynasty in 1658, the cannon outpost at the Jaigarh fort was protected by Dara Shikoh till he was defeated and executed by his own brother, Aurangzeb.
It was later handed over to King Jai Singh II. He gradually molded the great ‘Jaivana Cannon’, along with other devices and foundries inside the fort during his reign.
The fort is built with red sandstone. It is spread over 3 kilometers in length and one kilometer in width. The ‘Jaivana Cannon’ which is the world’s greatest cannon on wheels and the huge palace complex is the main center of attraction. Other interests include the Laxmi Vilas, Lalit Mandir, Aram Mandir and the Vilas Mandir. The fort has a well-tended garden, an armory and a museum too.
Strongest of the three forts in Jaipur, the major achievement of this fort is that it was never conquered in battle. However, during the Mughal rule, the fort witnessed an ambush by Aurangzeb who defeated and killed his own brother, the protector of the fort. The cannon has been test fired only once in history.
The best time to visit Jaigarh Fort is between October and March. The weather during this time of year is comparatively pleasant and considered best for sightseeing.
Various tour services are available for tourists to enjoy the historic Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur. It includes schedule of the day’s tour halts and food guide for lunch and dinner as well.
Jaigarh fort has three underground water tanks. The largest of the three is 158 feet long, 138 feet wide and 40 feet deep and can store 6 million gallons of water.
The Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur used to be the centre of artillery production for the Rajputs. It proudly houses the world’s largest cannon on wheels of the Early Modern Era.
The beautiful historic museum of the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur exhibits photographs of the stamps, artifacts and the famous circular pack of cards. A spittoon of 15th century vintage is another major attraction.